Since 1992 it has had the status of a city and metropolitan borough . Sunderland sack Papy Djilobodji for contract breach The Black Cats have parted ways with the centre-back, who moved to the club for £8 million in 2016. Een inwoner van Sunderland wordt ook wel een Mackem genoemd. By 1346, ships were being built at Wearmouth. Thur:6:00pm-9:00pm. [11] More recently, Sunderland-born Terry Deary, writer of the series of Horrible Histories books, has achieved fame and success, and many others such as thriller writer Sheila Quigley, are following his lead. It is served by Northern Rail services between Newcastle and Middlesbrough, and Grand Central services to York and London[36]. In 1719, Sunderland and Bishopwearmouth were too big for the only parish church, which was in Bishopwearmouth. On the south side of the river, the old Vaux Brewery site has been cleared so that new houses, shops and offices can be built close to the city centre. The current regional BBC radio station is BBC Radio Newcastle. The district was formed in 1974, titled the Metropolitan Borough of Sunderland, as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of four former local government districts of County Durham. However, the Metro extension has not been viewed as a huge success with frequency of services cut due to a lack of demand. Sunderland (a s lèś /ˈsʌndərlənd/ in ingléś, scólta'l chè) l'è na sità dal Régn Unî ch'la s cata in dal nòrd-èst dl'Inghiltèra, in dla cuntèa metrupulitàna 'd Tyne and Wear.La fà sù sènt-stantasincmìla abitànt a 'l incìrca (dat dal 2011), pôc più pìcula 'd Mòdna.. La sità l'è anc un pòrt e la gh'è sōl lē in Inghiltèra ch'la n gh'à minga dal catedràli. A city and metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, England. The Conservative party won all three seats in a new ward whose boundaries spanned several old wards. [8] At the bottom of the staircase, the door only opened inward and was bolted so that only one child at a time could get through. As a result, the boundaries were redrawn; Sunderland lost one ward and Washington gained one. The local Metro ends at South Hylton after calling at Sunderland Rail Station and Park Lane Bus Station. [23], Sunderland was named "The Facebook Capital of Britain" by the BBC in February 2010. Vaux in Sunderland and Wards Brewing Company in Sheffield had been part of the Vaux Group, when both breweries closed the group started to concentrate on its hotels which were in The Swallow Group. Independent, a city centre nightclub/music venue, satisfies underground music lovers, having previously played host to Keane, Franz Ferdinand, Kasabian, Kaiser Chiefs, Maxïmo Park and Snow Patrol when they were largely unknown. “CoSMOS”, the City of Sunderland Millennium Orchestral Society’’ was set up in 2000 to mark the millennium. Sunderland, part of the Durham coalfield, has a coal-mining heritage that dates back centuries. One third of councillors face re-election each year, and no city elections are held in the fourth year of the election cycle - this was when each ward's sole metropolitan county councillor was elected, prior to the county council's abolition in 1986. Lewis Carroll often visited to the area. Sunderland got its first Member of Parliament after the Reform Act of 1832, and the Borough of Sunderland was created in 1836, although impatient citizens elected Andrew White to be Mayor in December 1835. [32] He wrote most of "Jabberwocky" at Whitburn as well as "The Walrus and the Carpenter". In 1589, salt making started in Sunderland. Now it can stage West End shows such as Miss Saigon, Starlight Express and My Fair Lady. This is why the area is still called Bishopwearmouth.[1]. Hallintopiiriin kuuluu Sunderlandin kaupungin lisäksi Washingtonin, Houghton-le-Springin ja Hetton-le-Holen kaupungit sekä Rokerin ja Seaburnin … Sunderland er ein industri- og hamneby i Tyne and Wear i England.Fram til 1974 utgjorde han eit distrikt i Durham, men han vart så innlema i City of Sunderland i Tyne and Wear. The 2004 election for all 75 councillors was held on 10 June 2004. [citation needed]. Large vats, called ‘’panns’’, of seawater were put on coal fires. Climat. [17] Some parts of the area are believed to be the inspiration for his Alice in Wonderland stories, such as Hylton Castle and Backhouse Park. The City has had a Labour controlled council since 1974, and often before that. The last shipyard in Sunderland closed in 1988.[4]. city. In 930, King Athelstan of England gave the land on the south bank of the river to the Bishop of Durham. There are two statues honouring Jack, one in Mowbray Park near the Civic Centre, and the other next to Holy Trinity Church. It was opened by Ulysses S. Grant shortly after he stopped being US President. The previous ABC Cinema, situated on the corner of Park Lane and Holmeside, had been derelict for a number of years until it reopened late in 2005 as The Point, with three bars and the Union nightclub. A new Metro station was built underneath the bus concourse to provide a direct interchange as part of the extension to South Hylton in 2002. The merchant Thomas Menville started building ships so he could transport the things he wanted to sell. It is named after its largest settlement, Sunderland, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, and Washington, as well as a range of suburban villages. HMS Ocean, a Helicopter Landing Ship is Sunderland's adopted Royal Navy ship. The Manchester painter, L S Lowry, was another frequent visitor, staying in the Seaburn Hotel in Sunderland. Sunderland je izrastao iz tri naselja na samom ušću rijeke Wear. The City of Sunderland (/ˈsʌndərlənd/) is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. BBC - Radio 4 The Long View - Cholera outbreak in 19th Century Britain. The National Glass Centre opened in 1998, reflecting Sunderland's distinguished history of glass-making. U tom naselju je rođen i školovao se Beda Uvaženi (672 / [[673-735), poznati anglosaksonski kroničar. The Manor Quay, the students' union on the campus of the University of Sunderland has also hosted the Arctic Monkeys, Maxïmo Park, 911, the Levellers and Girls Aloud in the past three years. It is named after its largest settlement, Sunderland, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, and Washington, as well as a range of suburban villages. This created resentment towards Newcastle and towards the idea of having a king. The National Glass Centre on Liberty Way also exhibits a number of glass sculptures. Sunderland är en stad med omkring 283 500 invånare [1] och ligger i nordöstra England, Storbritannien, vid floden Wears utlopp i Nordsjön.. Staden ligger strax sydost om Newcastle och mellan de bägge städerna har det sedan länge funnits en ömsesidig rivalitet. [21] It also has its own local radio station Sun FM, a community radio station Spark FM and a hospital radio station - Radio Sunderland for Hospitals, and can receive other north-eastern independent radio stations Metro Radio, Greatest Hits North East, Capital North East and Heart North East. As with most UK east-coast towns, Sunderland sometimes gets sea fog known locally as Fret. It was granted city status in 1992, the 40th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II's accession to the throne. Corning Glass Works was one of the last. Here, 89.4% are white, 7.8% are Asian and 1.3% are mixed-race. Clint Boon sometimes deejays in indie venue Ku Club, and the Bluetones did a set there in 2006. Sunderland won the FA Women's Premier League Northern Division in 2004–05 to reach the top tier National Division. This was good for Sunderland's business, because Parliament blockaded (blocked) the Tyne. The City of Sunderland is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, in North East England. The Jewish community has been shrinking since the mid 20th century. In 2001, the most ethnically mixed ward of the city was the (now abolished) Thornholme area - just to the south of the city centre Thornholme included the suburbs of Ashbrooke and Eden Vale. The brewery was finally closed in July 1999. In particular, the east and south east – the old parish of Sunderland and the mining village of Ryhope – had lost population to the "New Town" of Washington. Many were frightened to say that a disease has started because it might stop their businesses from making money. He was given the land by King Ecgfrith of Northumbria. Since 1990, industries along the banks of the Wear have changed a lot. [12], The Salford-born painter, L. S. Lowry, was a frequent visitor, staying in the Seaburn Hotel in Sunderland. Today, the road leading to where the pans were is still called Pann's Bank. The area of Castletown is made up of 99.3% white, 0.4% Asian and 0.2% mixed-race. Most of the suburbs of Sunderland are west of the city centre with 70% of its population living on the south side of the river and 30% on the north side. Only the famous Iron Bridge itself is older, but Wearmouth bridge was over twice as long and only three-quarters the weight of the Iron Bridge. St Benedict Biscop was adopted as the City's Patron Saint in March 2004. The Birmingham Royal Ballet have a season at the Sunderland Empire every year, and it is thought of as the company's north-east home. This led to the invention of 'push bar' emergency doors. [13] As a result, much of the town centre was rebuilt in a boring concrete style. Sunderland Association Football Club is an English football club. This was because of the success of the port of Sunderland as well as the salt panning and the shipbuilding along the banks of the Wear. English Wikipedia has an article on: Sunderland. The giant Nissan factory moved in, and new service industries arrived. [16] The Jewish primary school, the Menorah School, closed in July 1983. The City is now part of the Northumbria Police Force area. See City of Sunderland. The library had about 300 books; all of them were hand written and painted. Se sijaitsee Wearjoen suulla Pohjanmeren rannikolla. There are a number of cycle routes that run through and around Sunderland. Sunderland was a big trading port at the time. This is most common in the summer months (April - September). When the water boiled, the salt was left behind. The area is part of the Anglican Diocese of Durham. The Sunniside area now includes an Empire Cinema, Gala Casino and many surrounding eateries. As more coal was needed to heat the salt pans, coal mining started in the area. These frets can be very dense, are often very localised, and can appear and disappear in a matter of minutes. Sunderland, v té době důležitý obchodní přístav, byl postižen v roce 1831 epidemií cholery.Na město byla uvalena karanténa a přístav byl blokován. Following further disputes within the Labour Party, three councillors resigned the whip at the end of 2006 and, joined by one of the Liberal Democrat members formed an independent group, which is the minority party in opposition. The Codex Amiatinus, was written and painted at the monastery and was probably worked on by Bede who was born at Wearmouth in 673. Sunderland is one of the most deprived cities in the North of England. When the civil war began, the mainly Protestant Sunderland sided with Parliament against the mostly Catholic Newcastle. Labour lost three seats to the Conservatives, whilst former Labour Mayor Mrs Julianna Heron lost to an independent: the same person who had defeated her husband in 2003 and who was in turn defeated by him in 2004. (Link to map using Googleor other map sites) Location Map] Address: 1. Pages in category "Sunderland" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. The statistics showed that people in Sunderland were more likely to log on to the social networking site than anywhere else in the UK. On average, it is around 80 metres above sea level. The Cinema was taken over by the Empire Multiplex Cinema Company in mid 2006. Sunderland started as three small villages: Sunderland grew as a port, mostly selling coal and salt. The city extends to the seafront at Hendon and Ryhope (on the south) and Seaburn (on the north). In 1986, when Tyne and Wear Metropolitan County Council was abolished, most county functions became the responsibility of the constituent districts, whilst new joint boards assumed the co-ordinating roles in the county. On 16 June 1883, 183 children died. The Nissan car plant and the nearby North East Aircraft Museum are on the site of the old Sunderland Airport. These include Holy Trinity, built in 1719 for an independent Sunderland, St. Michaels's Church, built as Bishopwearmouth Parish Church and now known as Sunderland Minster and St. Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth, part of which dates from 674 AD, and was the original monastery. [2] This settlement was granted a charter in 1179 by Hugh Pudsey, then the Bishop of Durham. The Sunderland Empire Theatre, opened in 1907, is the largest theatre in the North East, reopened in December 2004 following a major redevelopment allowing it to stage West End shows such as Miss Saigon, Starlight Express and My Fair Lady, all of which have been performed at the Empire. At the Queen's Golden Jubilee the city petitioned to be allowed a Lord Mayor, but was unsuccessful. Sunderland is twinned with: Essen, Germany and Saint-Nazaire, France. (Include information about your center that would be helpful for first time visitors such which entrance in the building to use, parking, etc. Doxford International Business Park, in the south west of the city, has attracted a host of national and international companies. [25] It takes place along the sea front at Roker and Seaburn, and is attended by over 1.2 million people annually. It is situated at the mouth of the River Wear. [10] A memorial statue, which is a crying mother holding a dead child, is now back in Mowbray Park with a protective canopy. Il Sunderland Association Football Club, noto semplicemente come Sunderland, è una società calcistica inglese con sede nella città di Sunderland, militante attualmente in Football League One (terza divisione inglese).. Vanta la vittoria di 6 titoli nazionali (1892, 1893, 1895, 1902, 1913 e 1936), 2 Coppe d'Inghilterra (1937 e 1973) e una Supercoppa d'Inghilterra, vinta nel 1936. Before the English Civil War in 1642, King Charles I said Newcastle could be the only town in the east of England which could send coal by ship. Der AFC Sunderland (offiziell: Sunderland Association Football Club) auch bekannt als The Black Cats ist ein englischer Fußballverein aus Sunderland im Nordosten von England. Sunderland (kondado), Inglatera, Kining maong panid sa pagklaro nagtala sa mga artikulo nga may samang titulo. Najstarije od njih na sjevernoj obali rijeke, kasnije nazvano - Monkwearmouth, niklo je pored samostana osnovanog 674. Women, who have been financially separated from the men's team since summer 2005. [24], The only professional sporting team in Sunderland is the football team, Sunderland A.F.C., which was formed in 1879,[25] and plays home games at the 49,000 seat capacity Stadium of Light.[26]. Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens, on Borough Road, was the first publically funded museum in the country outside London. EPA/FELIPE TRUEBA EDITORIAL USE ONLY Wearmouth Bridge was the biggest single span bridge in the world. However, as well as including the Sunderland it also includes a number of surrounding towns and villages, such as Washington, Houghton-le-Spring and Hetton-le-Hole. But in December of that year, cholera was in Gateshead and it spread across the country, killing about 32,000 people. 16 km-re délkeletre fekszik.Lakossága 174 ezer fő volt 2011-ben. In 2004, music magazine NME put Sunderland came 8th in a list of the "coolest" music places in the UK.[21]. The crew of HMS Ocean regularly visit the city. Sunderland and Washington share historical links, as the ancestors of the first President of the United States of America, George Washington, lived in Washington Old Hall, which is within the municipal boundaries of Sunderland. Holi… It was in Sunderland for 120 years, until 31 March 2007[34]. Chapel Queen Alexandra Road Sunderland England SR2 9BT United Kingdom 1. It sits at the mouth of the River Wear. The club played in the Premier League in the 2005/2006 season, they finished bottom. At Christmas, Sunderland has a German market in the city centre selling German-made wooden goods, and German food. Sunderland is in North East England. [22], Sunderland's first film company was established in 2008; and is known as "Tanner Films Ltd" and is based in the Sunniside area of the city. In November 2004, after several years with no cinema, a Cineworld multiplex opened in the new River Quarter, an entertainment complex towards the east of the City Centre. Governance. When the boundaries of these wards were set in 1982, each ward had a roughly equal population. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sunderland. [6] It was designed for trains to run across, too, but the railway section was never completed. The National Glass Centre is also there, next to the University of Sunderland’s new “St Peter’s Campus”. [9] The children pushed down the stairs to the door. Since major boundary changes in 2010, there are three constituencies covering the City of Sunderland, all currently regarded as safe for the Labour Party: In the 1992, 1997, 2001 and 2005 General Elections, the former Sunderland South constituency was the first to declare the results, and the tradition was continued by the new Houghton and Sunderland South seat in 2010 and 2015. Other. The Tourism Office believes Keane's attachment to the city is causing a knock-on effect on local restaurants, bars and attractions in that more tourists are "making a weekend of it"[35] after watching the football. Competition from overseas caused a downturn in demand for Sunderland built ships toward the end of the twentieth century. [18] There is a statue to Carroll in Whitburn library. Sunderland yew sûka dewleta Qraliya Yewbiyayiya. Other famous Mackem musicians include punk rockers The Toy Dolls, who broke the top five of the charts with "Nellie the Elephant" in December 1984; the lead singer of dance outfit Olive, Ruth Ann Boyle, who now works with Enigma; A Tribe of Toffs made number 21 with their cult hit "John Kettley is a weatherman" in December 1988; Alex Kapranos of the band Franz Ferdinand also grew up in Sunderland and South Shields. Lewis Carroll was also a visitor to the Rectory of Holy Trinity Church, Southwick, beforeSouthwick became a part of Sunderland. This meant it never had the problem of allowing people to cross the river without stopping high masted vessels. This put Sunderland in competition for the first time with its coal-trading neighbour Newcastle. Sunderland a 7. században alapított és Beda Venerabilis által is lakott klastrom körül keletkezett. Sunderland has not had a separate police force since 1967, when the Borough of Sunderland Police merged with Durham Constabulary. Sunderland has produced a modest number of musicians that have gone on to reach international fame, most notably Dave Stewart of the Eurythmics. It was built on the site of the former RAF Usworth airfield near the A19 and A1231. By 2004 there had been a considerable shift in population. [15] His experiences are described in his book, No stranger to the P45.[16]. The 'W2W' 'Wear-to-Walney' route, and the 'Two-Rivers' (Tyne and Wear) route also end in Sunderland. Renowned film producer David Parfitt belonged to this company before achieving worldwide fame and is now a patron of the theatre. Son emplacement dans le secteur abrité ((en)rain shadow) des Pennines, ainsi que dans d'autres chaînes de montagnes à l'ouest, telles que celles du Lake District et du sud-ouest de l'Écosse, fait de Sunderland l'une des villes les moins pluvieuses du nord de l'Angleterre. Kendra Sunderland (* 16. The National Cycle Network National Route 1 runs from Ryhope in the south, through the centre of the city, and then along the coast towards South Shields. The 2019–20 Sunderland A.F.C. The Port of Sunderland was expanded in the 1850s when the Hudsons Dock were built for the River Wear Commissioners. Each has three councillors elected for a four-year term. More recently, Sunderland has seen growth as a commercial center for the automotive industry, science & technology and the service sector. On 7 and 8 May 2005, Sunderland played host to BBC Radio 1's Big Weekend concert - the UK's largest free music festival. Byen ligg ved munningen til Wear ved Nordsjøen, 15 km søraust for Newcastle upon Tyne. The city is unparished, except for Hetton-le-Hole which is a civil parish, and which has a town council. Phone: 1. The event, held at Herrington Country Park in the shadow of Penshaw Monument, was attended by 30,000 visitors and featured Foo Fighters, Kasabian, KT Tunstall, Chemical Brothers and The Black Eyed Peas.[17][18]. Every year, the city hosts a large Remembrance Day memorial, believed to be the largest in the UK outside of London.[26]. ; Hylton Riverside Retail Park, a large shopping outlet centre at. The only Liberal Party councillor sat with the only Liberal Democrat as a "Liberal/Democrat" group. Biscop's monastery was the first monastery built of stone in Northumbria. The Empire Theatre sometimes plays host to music acts, and has attracted Deacon Blue and Journey South to the city in recent years. The Empire also played host to the final performance of comic actor Sid James, who died of a heart attack whilst on stage in 1976.[20]. This category is about Sunderland, the old town which is now part of the City of Sunderland. Sunderland is within the Copeland UK Parliamentary constituency, Trudy Harrison is the Member of parliament.. Before Brexit, its residents were covered by the North West England European Parliamentary Constituency.. For Local Government purposes it is in the All Saints Ward of Allerdale Borough Council and the Bothel + Wharrels Division of Cumbria County Council. When the perpetrator, John Humble was eventually caught he confirmed that he did indeed attend school in the Castletown area of Sunderland in his childhood. On the 7 and 8 May 2005, Sunderland hosted the BBC Radio 1 Big Weekend concert - the UK's largest free music festival. At the elections of May 2007, the Labour Party continued their decline. Sunderland has two local newspapers: the daily evening tabloid The Sunderland Echo, founded in 1873, and the Sunderland Star - a free newspaper. The dialect also has several variations between different areas of the City, as demonstrated when the hoax tapes purporting to be of the Yorkshire Ripper were analysed. IPA : /ˈsʌndə(ɹ)lənd/ Audio (UK) Proper noun . This means Never Despair, Trust In God. Seit 1974 ist die Stadt der namensgebende Kernort des größeren Metropolitan Borough City of Sunderland. Since the transfer in 2000 there have been a lot of improvements to the quality of social housing in the city.

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